Hay in spanish: the complete guide to “there are”


Have you ever got confused that hay & está both translate into “is”? What’s the difference? When vày you use one và when the other? How lớn use them in a sentence? Is there any formula for hay in vanhoanghean.com that could help?

If these are the questions you’ve been asking yourself, you’ll finally find out the answers.

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After reading this article, you will never doubt again between hay in vanhoanghean.com and está. What’s more, you’ll be able lớn see your progress yourself by doing a short quiz in the end.

Do you want to lớn try?

Hay in vanhoanghean.com – The Meaning & Usage

Before I start explaining what hay in vanhoanghean.com means và how to use it, have a look at these examples:

Hay un gato en mi jardín.There is a cát in my garden.

Hay tres gatos en mày jardín.There are three cats in my garden.


I guess you already figured out the translation, didn’t you? Yes, hay vanhoanghean.com means both “there is” và “there are”.

Hay is an impersonal form of haber (to be, lớn have). “Impersonal” means that it never changes no matter the gender or number of the noun that follows it. So you can forget for a while about gender & number agreement, and the conjugation endings và learn the easy part.

In the sentences above I used them with a singular noun (un gato), và plural noun (tres gatos). In none of the cases, I know the animals that are in my garden. I merely acknowledge their existence.

If I’m not sure about the exact number of these not very familiar animals, I could also say:

Hay gatos en mi jardín.There are cats in my garden.


Hay unos gatos en mày jardín.There are some cats in my garden.

Keep these sentences in mind as I will come back to lớn them later.

Hay in vanhoanghean.com in different tenses

When you want lớn use hay in vanhoanghean.com in other tenses, for example, khổng lồ say “there was” or “there will be”, you’ll also have to learn one impersonal form for each tense. No conjugation tables this time!

Let’s keep it simple & stay with the cats.

The preterite tense

The impersonal size for hay in the simple past tense in vanhoanghean.com is hubo.

Hubo un gato en mày jardín.There was a cat in my garden.

Hubo tres gatos en mi jardín.There were three cats in my garden.

The imperfect tense

Hay in the imperfect tense in vanhoanghean.com turns into había.

Había un gato en ngươi jardín.There was a cát in my garden.

Había tres gatos en mày jardín.There were three cats in my garden.

If you want to lớn learn a difference between the two past vanhoanghean.com tenses, kiểm tra out “Preterite vs Imperfect: A Beginner’s Guide to the Past Tense in vanhoanghean.com.”

The simple future tense

In the future simple tense, you will use habrá.

Habrá un gato en mi jardín.There will be a mèo in my garden.

Habrá tres gatos en mày jardín.There will be three cats in my garden.

If you want khổng lồ refresh your knowledge on the future tense in vanhoanghean.com, read “The Future SImple Tense in vanhoanghean.com: el Futuro simple.”

Hay vs Estar – What’s the difference


Some beginner learners tend to confuse hay with está. It’s normal if that happens, but you can easily understand the difference between these two verbs.


Let’s đánh giá it one more time. Hay in English translates into “There is” or “there are”. & we use it to talk about the existence of something or someone.

In the sentences with Hay, the verb goes first và the noun follows.

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Hay + noun

Then, you can put indefinite articles or numbers before the noun. Mind that you cannot put any definite article before the noun.

Hay un gato. (There is a cat.)

Hay gatos. (There are cats.)

Hay tres gatos. (There are three cats.)

Hay unos gatos. (There are some cats.)

If you want to địa chỉ cửa hàng the place, you can put it either at the beginning of the sentence or at the end. Follow these sentence structures:

Hay + noun + placePlace + tốt + noun

Hence, you can say:

Hay un gato en mi jardín.There is a mèo in my garden.


En mày jardín tuyệt un gato.In my garden, there is a cat.


Estar (to be) is a verb that you conjugate as other verbs và its ending changes with each grammatical person. Está means “(it) is” và están means “they) are”. We use it not to lớn talk about the existence but the location of people or things.

The formula to use with estar is also different:

Definite article (el, la, los, las) + noun + está / están + place

For example:

El gato está en el jardín.The cat is in the garden.

Los gatos están en el jardín.The cats are in the garden.

When you locate things & object with the verb estar you know who you’re talking about, therefore you use the definite articles.

Let me show you both hay & estar in simple dialogue.

-¿Hay una farmacía por aquí?-Sí hay algunas cerca. Por ejemplo, la farmacia “Dr. John” está en la esquina.

-Is there a pharmacy around here?-Yes, there are some nearby. For example, the pharmacy “Dr. John” is on the corner.

The first person is asking about an existence of a pharmacy. The second person acknowledges the existence of some pharmacies nearby and specifically locates one of them.

Is it clearer now? Hopefully, yes.

Hay in vanhoanghean.com – Common Phrases

You can often come across the hay in vanhoanghean.com in some expressions you use almost daily.

Hay que

This expression introduces obligation–One must. It can be for the speaker & whoever accompanies him or a general obligation:

Hay que apurarnos.We have lớn hurry.

Hay que inscribirse antes del sábado.You must register before Saturday.

Aquí, hay que caminar bé cuidado.Here, you have khổng lồ walk carefully.


No tốt de que

No tốt de que is another way of saying de nada (you’re welcome). Next time, when somebody thanks you for something you can use try using this one.

-Gracias por traerme aquí.-No xuất xắc de que.

-Thanks for bringing me here.-You’re welcome.

¿Qué giỏi de nuevo?

Do you want a catchy phrase khổng lồ greet a friend? Instead of just saying Hola, ¿cómo estás? you can say ¿Qué tốt de nuevo? meaning “what’s new?”, “what’s up?”.

-Hola Juan. ¿Qué xuất xắc de nuevo?-Hola Pedro, Nada, todo bien. ¿Y tú, ¿qué tal?

-Hello Juan. What’s new?-Hi Pedro. Nothing, all good. And what about you?

Hay Sol / Lluvia / Nieve

You can also use hay lớn talk about meteorological conditions. If it’s sunny, say—hay sol. If it’s rainy, say—hay lluvia.

-¿Qué tiempo hace ahora en Cancún?-Ahora tuyệt sol pero por la tarde habrá lluvia.

-What’s the weather now in Cancun?-Now, it’s sunny but it will rain in the afternoon.

Prove you’re a Master of Hay in vanhoanghean.com- Quiz


Let’s see if now you know what hay means in vanhoanghean.com and when to lớn use está instead. Try yourself in this multiple-choice quiz & remember there’s only one correct translation for each English sentence.